For submitting a new event or a guide item, please
Izmir, Smyrna in ancient times, was founded in the 10th century B.C. Early inhabitants were Phrygians and Lydians. The period in which the city had reached its peak was between 650-545 B.C . The fall of Ancient Izmir is the result of the Persian invasion. In the 4th century B.C. Alexander the Great defeated the Persian Darius and captured the whole East. After becoming a part of Roman Empire in 133 B.C., Izmir started to live a golden period for the second time. Due to the importance that the city achieved, the Roman Emperors who came to Anatolia also visited Izmir. Emperor Hadrianus also visited Izmir in his journey in 121-125 AD.
After the seperation of Roman Empire, Izmir became a territory of the East Roman Empire, known as Byzantium. İzmir had become a religious center since the early times of Byzantines.
Izmir became a Turkish land in 1320. In 1422 Izmir became an Ottoman territory. In 18th and 19th centuries, Izmir became popular among the French, English, Dutch and Italian merchants. Being a multinational trade center in Ottoman Empire, İzmir was occupied by Greek Army on 15 May 1919 . On September 13, ¾ of Izmir was almost destroyed by a fire.
Izmir has recovered itself soon and became the cultural and economic center of the Aegean Region. The city and its area offers many possibilities for travelers. Some travelers use Izmir as a base to visit such regional sights as ancient Bergema, Efesus, Pamukkale.
Izmir has a mild temparature. Most of the rain falls during the winter time. The average temparature then is 12C. The summers are warm and the average temperature is the 28C. Many people install fans or air conditioners to cool their apartments. Rain is extremely rare in the summer.
Dear tobook.com visitor, you also can contribute to our city guides with
events and articles. Do you want to inform our readers with an upcoming
event or do you want to publish your article, please
email us at guide. We would welcome personal stories about your experiences
in Europe as a great addition to our city guides.