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Prague (Czech: Praha) is the capital and largest city of the Czech Republic. It is situated on the Vltava river in central Bohemia, with a population of 1.2 million people. Prague was founded in the 9th century, and soon became the seat of the kings of Bohemia. The city flourished during the 14th century reign of Charles IV, who ordered the building of the New Town, the Charles Bridge, Saint Vitus Cathedral which is the oldest gothic cathedral in central Europe which is actually inside the Castle, and the Charles University, the oldest university in central Europe. Prague was by then the third-largest city in Europe. Prague has become one the most popular tourist destinations in Europe. It has numerous old buildings, many with beautiful murals on them. It possesses one of the world's most pristine and varied collections of architecture, from Art Nouveau to Baroque, Renaissance, Cubist, Gothic, Neo-Classical to modern style. Prague is a traditional cultural centre of Europe where many cultural events take place. There are hundreds of concert halls, galleries, cinemas and clubs around the city. Prague also hosts film festivals, music festivals, writer’s festival, hundreds of exhibitions and fashion shows every year.