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Valletta is one of the early cities in Malta whose construction started in the middle of the 16th century. Until then only the Fort St. Elmo existed at the outmost point of the headland. Valletta is surrounded by big defence walls and bastions and could not be captured until World War II. Since 1571 Valletta is the capital of Malta. Thanks to its close position to the harbour Valletta grew to a business centre and during the day a lot of tourists discover this old and beautiful city. After business hours the city seems deserted and nightlife seems barely existing. Sightseeing tours start at the Central Bus Station around the well of triton outside the city. Valletta can easily be discovered afoot on the old defence facilities which lead around the whole city. From here you have a stunning view. The city consists of a labyrinth of narrow streets and high staircase which are supposed to balance the height differences. Remarkable are the balconies which are enormously eye-catching. They regulate the air circulation und protect the rooms from direct solar radiation. Apart from the Fort St. Elmo, in which the Museum of War is hosted, the St. John’s Cathedral and the Grand Master’s Palace are worth a visit. Today a lot of old houses need to be renovated. Therefore plans and renovation projects have been started to keep the old building fabric.